"You are fettered," said Scrooge, trembling. "Tell me why?"
"I wear the chain I forged in life," replied the Ghost. "I made it link by link, and yard by yard; I girded it on of my own free will, and of my own free will I wore it. Is its pattern strange to you?"
Scrooge trembled more and more.
Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol, Stave One
The people who walked in darkness"Darkness is cheap and Scrooge liked it." This time of year we understand the dark, we live in a time when days are getting shorter and shorter and we start to miss the light. During the Christmas Season we are invited to journey out of the darkness in the anticipation that God's light and love is coming, has come, and will always be coming. We wait in anticipation for the light to dawn into the darkness of our lives.
have seen a great light;
those who lived in a land of deep darkness—
on them light has shined.
"Darkness is cheap and Scrooge liked it." Literally Scrooge keeps his office and house dark with the bare minimum of light needed to see by. He is so stingy his clerk is using his one candle to warm his hands. The beginning of A Christmas Carol points out the darkness we can become trapped in. We are introduced to Scrooge as a "a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner." At the beginning of a Christmas Carol Dickens wants to show us a world of darkness where a man who is so disagreeable and greedy can be invited into a journey of redemption.
Into the darkness of Scrooge's life come the ghost of his former business partner Marley, he is covered in chains that rattle around him. Scrooge asks Jacob why he is fettered? Marley says that he wears the chains that he forged in life. The chain is made up of the links he forged link by link, yard by yard. His chain was weighed down with what he thought was important in life: "cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds, and heavy purses." Marley's chain reflects what bound him in life. He was chained by his possession. He tells Scrooge his chain is even heavier and longer. Scrooge wants to know why Marley has come. Marley tells Scrooge this night he has the chance to change his life. He can release the chains. Part of Scrooge still wonders if Marley is just a piece of undigested beef. So Marley pulls him to the window:
Scrooge is be invited to take the next step on the journey that will lead him out of the darkness. We too are invited to take the next step out of the darkness. We are invited to think about what binds us, what chains we have forged and that we need to transform. As our lesson this week from Isaiah 9:2-7 offers us a chance to journey out of the darkness and into the light. The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who lived in a land of deep darkness— on them light has shined. During this season, we are invited to anticipate the coming of Jesus and to be reminded of what it looks like to encounter the light and love of God.
The air was filled with phantoms, wandering hither and thither in restless haste, and moaning as they went. Every one of them wore chains like Marley's Ghost; some few (they might be guilty governments) were linked together; none were free. Many had been personally known to Scrooge in their lives. He had been quite familiar with one old ghost, in a white waistcoat, with a monstrous iron safe attached to its ankle, who cried piteously at being unable to assist a wretched woman with an infant, whom it saw below, upon a door-step. The misery with them all was, clearly, that they sought to interfere, for good, in human matters, and had lost the power for ever.
Whether these creatures faded into mist, or mist enshrouded them, he could not tell. But they and their spirit voices faded together; and the night became as it had been when he walked home.
What is holding you back? What area of your life has created chains that you need the light to break apart? Jesus encountered many people lost in the darkness of wealth, relationships, sickness, tradition. Remember the story of Jesus' encounter with the young man. This man meets Jesus and asks him what more he can do to follow God. Jesus asks him about his life what he has been doing. They talk about how he has kept the commandments and has tried to lead a life in God. Jesus looks at this man with compassion and says there is only one more thing you need to do. Sell all your possessions, give them to the poor and follow me. The man is crestfallen. He can't do it. He can't let go of his wealth. He can't give away his possessions. He is trapped there in the darkness. He can't let go. How many of you are trapped in the need for wealth, are caught up with you possessions, with what you own? Scrooge is a classic example of being trapped in the desire for more wealth, But not a wealth he shares, but a wealth he hoards. When his nephew comes to invite him to Christmas dinner, Scrooge and the nephew argue over wealth and the meaning of Christmas. Scrooge says:
"What else can I be," returned the uncle, "when I live in such a world of fools as this? Merry Christmas! Out upon merry Christmas! What's Christmas time to you but a time for paying bills without money; a time for finding yourself a year older, but not an hour richer; a time for balancing your books and having every item in 'em through a round dozen of months presented dead against you? If I could work my will," said Scrooge indignantly, "every idiot who goes about with 'Merry Christmas' on his lips, should be boiled with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his heart. He should!"Have you let money bind you up? Here Jesus invited you to be freed and enter the light. Will you accept the invitation or like the young man will you walk away?
Jesus was out journeying through the land. He was tired and sat down by a well to rest and get a drink. While he is sitting there, a woman comes up to get water and Jesus asks her for a drink. She says you don't want a drink from me. You aren't supposed to talk to me and that's just because of our different cultures. But you really don't want water from me, didn't you notice that I came here when no other women are around. I'm despised by my own people. Jesus sees her, he sees inside her. They start talking. Jesus learns about her life. She can't be without a relationship. One relationship ends and she is on to the next. She has had seven husbands and is currently not married to the one she is with. She doesn't want to be alone. She is scared to be alone. She is scared to be with herself, to learn about herself, to discover who she is apart from her relationship. Jesus offers her the living water. He offers her a piece of the light that will change her. She accepts the offer and enters the light and wants to share it with others who can't see her transformation and don't believe her. How many of you have let yourself be defined by a relationship, have wrapped your life around another and have lost yourself in these role of wife, mother, lover, sister, grandmother, husband, boss, father. Are you willing to release your chain and enter the light?
Jesus while walking through a crowded street feels his light rush out of him. He looks around for who had touched him. He finds a woman. A woman who has been sick and suffering for 20 years. She has tried everything from natural cures, to quacks, to doctors, and healers. She has tried everything to get better. She had heard about Jesus and how he was able to bring the healing power of love to people. She thought if she could just touch him, she would be made well. When she touched him, she felt it, she was different, she was brought to wholeness. Jesus searched for her and confirmed that she had been made well. Sickness, illness, suffering affects many of us. Some of us have illnesses that are debilitating. But some of us let the illness define us. We stop living and focus on the pain and suffering. Jesus offers us the opportunity to not necessarily be cured but to find a way to live in the light.
Jesus was at home for the night. In that time of darkness, Nicodemus enters the house to speak to him. Nicodemus was a man who believed strongly in his traditional faith and religious practices. He believed in the church as it had been. Jesus in the dark of the night has a very deep conversation about faith. They really dig in and discuss faith. They each share their position. Nicodemus hears about Jesus' new teaching. Yet he leaves back into the darkness. He goes back out the way he came in. We don't know whether the conversation changed him, yet. We just know that tradition, the way things have always been are important to him. Some of us also get locked into the ways things have always been. We resist the invitation that Jesus extends that often challenges our way of life. Asks us to think differently, to live differently, and to enter into a rich spiritual life with God. We like our faith to be safe, to be comfortable, to stay the same in a world changing so rapidly.
The people who have walked in the darkness have seen a great light. What chains are binding you? What are you fetters - possessions, relationships, sickness, tradition? Are you letting your fear hold you back from moving into the light and love of God. Our Advent journey this year invites us to be open to the redemption, the mercy, the grace and love of God. Will you allow yourself to be transformed, to accept the healing forgiving love of God?
Take a moment to rest in the stillness, the quiet, the forgiveness of God's love. Ask God to show you what it is you need to let go of. Then release the link in your chain.
|A manger filled with our chains.|
Variations on a sermon delivered November 27, 2016 at St. Paul's UCC Hinckley, IL.